Finance 101: 5 Types of Debt Consolidation Loans That You Should Know

Debt may be stressful, especially when it’s spread over many accounts and you’re handling multiple monthly payments. However, debt consolidation loan can make your borrowing more manageable by merging all of your amounts into one bank loan with a single monthly payment.

Moreover, restructuring your debt is beneficial if the new loans have a lower annual percentage than your credit card payments. It can lower your interest expenses, make your prices more reasonable, or shorten the pay-out duration.

Understanding Debt Consolidation

Debt consolidation loans are the practice of combining various debts into a single loan. It is a single loan that combines all of your previous loans into a single monthly payment with a single interest rate.

Consolidation loans are available from financial institutions such as banks, community banks, and online lenders, and all future debt payments are made to the new lender.

Types of Debt Consolidation

A debt management plan, home equity loan, credit card balance transfer, and loan from a savings/retirement account are all options for debt consolidation.

If you decide to receive a credit loan, your credit score and debt-to-income ratio will be considered. You could also opt for online debt consolidation.

Here’s a quick run-through of each choice.

  1. Debt Management Method – A debt management plan’s purpose is to minimize your interest rate, cut your monthly payments, and eradicate your debt in 3-5 years.

These programs are provided by non-profit credit counselling organizations, which negotiate interest rate reductions from credit card companies to arrive at an affordable monthly payment for the consumer.

2. Personal Loan – It is a type of consolidation loan that could be provided by:

  • A Bank
  • Financial Institution
  • Peer-To-Peer Lender

Personal loans are often unsecured, which means the borrower does not put up any security. As a result, the interest rate may rise, and less money will be available for the loan.

3. Home Equity Loan – Consolidating debt with a home equity loan includes taking out a mortgage secured by the borrower’s equity in their home.

The funds are distributed in a flat payment, and the borrower can use them to pay off or consolidate previous debts.

4. Credit Card Balance Transfer – A credit card balance transfer occurs when a borrower obtains a new credit card, preferably with a low introductory interest rate, and transfers all of his current balances to the new card.

This approach, like others for debt consolidation, results in a single payment to remember. It may cut the borrower’s monthly credit card payment as well as the overall cost of the debt by reducing the interest rate to 0%, depending on the card you qualify for.

5. Student Loans – The practice of consolidating several federal student loans into a single, government-backed debt is known as student loan consolidation.

Students may be eligible for borrower protections such as Public Service Loan Forgiveness and lower and simpler monthly payments (PSLF).

This phrase is frequently used in combination with student loan refinancing, which entails consolidating many federal and private loans into a new personal loan.


Before agreeing to a credit consolidation loan, compare all of your present monthly minimum payments and the estimated length of time to repay the debt to the time and money connected with a consolidation loan.

Use a debt consolidation calculator to explore how a credit consolidation loan can affect your budget.