Beginners Guide for Investing in Stocks

Most people new to the market don’t understand the ideals of investing in stocks. That is why you will find a large group of beginners fear getting into the market. Some of them listen to people dishing out the wrong idea about shares. Doing this confuses them further.

This article focuses on investing in the stock market to enlighten you on the most important things. Read on to find out more.

Understanding the shares

Shares are a fractional representation of ownership in a company. Essentially, it is a small piece of a business that is also called a share or equity. For each share you own, you get a small percentage of the profits and assets the company makes.

Buying a share means you turn into a partial owner of the company. Businesses issue and trade shares to acquire funds for corporate use. So, shares are small parts of a business that are broken down into shares, whereby they are purchased and sold on trading. The section below outlines the basics of investing in stocks to help you understand more.

The basics of investing in stocks

As mentioned, investing in stocks is simple and done in simple ways. It means purchasing small shares of a public company’s ownership. These small shares are what we refer to as the company’s shares. Therefore, when you invest in this stock, you hope that the company thrives over time.

When this happens, your shares increase in value and become more profitable. It is because other buyers will want to buy your share at a higher rate than you acquired them. Selling them will mean you earn a profit on the product.

Ways to invest in stocks

·       Individual shares

Investing in individual stocks is ideal if you are just a beginner. You can research the current markets and companies to get a glimpse of the best shares to buy. Even with high share prices, you can buy fractional shares at a smaller amount.

·       EFTs

Investing in EFTs means buying several individual shares to monitor a fundamental index. You select various companies in the same sector and buy shares from each one. While EFTs trade on exchanges, they provide superior branching out than individual shares.

·       Mutual funds

Managers pick out several shares to beat a benchmark index in mutual funds. Buying shares of mutual funds mean your earnings are generated from dividends, capital gains, and interest income. Index funds with a lower cost work in a similar fashion as EFTs.

Choosing how to buy

Creating a brokerage account: A brokerage account gives you all the control to choose and buy your preferred shares.

Financial advisor: Hiring an advisor is essential if you are looking for guidance and advice when buying shares. A financial advisor will help you to specify your monetary objectives, buy and manage the products on your behalf. This includes buying shares.

Robo-advisor: You can also choose a rather inexpensive option when investing in stocks, which is going for a Robo-advisor. Robo-advisors will buy various EFT portfolios, buy assets and handle your portfolio.

Types of accounts

Retirement accounts

These accounts let you save for your future. 401(k)s and IRAs (individual retirement accounts) are the common accounts available for retirement. Most retirement accounts offer tax advantages to encourage buyers to save and often include yearly contribution limits.

Taxable accounts

Here, the earnings obtained from shares are just like regular income without any special tax incentives. Unlike retirement accounts, taxable accounts have no restriction on the contribution amount.

Education savings accounts

Essentially, education plans let you buy shares to save through mutual funds as well as a target-date portfolio.


Investing in stocks requires you to have basic information about the market to achieve the best results. Additionally, it is essential to conduct your research and avoid mere hearsay from people.